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民国时期甘肃地震灾害及赈灾研究——以1920年海原大地震为例
引用本文:尚季芳,张丽坤.民国时期甘肃地震灾害及赈灾研究——以1920年海原大地震为例[J].青海民族研究,2012,23(1):144-148.
作者姓名:尚季芳  张丽坤
作者单位:西北师范大学,甘肃兰州,730070
基金项目:2008年教育部人文社会科学基金,2009年第45批中国博士后科学基金,2010年西北师范大学"知识与科技创新"工程科研骨干培育项目,2010年国家社会科学基金青年项目
摘    要:1920年12月16日甘肃海原发生了震惊世界的大地震,这场突如其来的灾难给本已贫瘠的甘肃以重创。由于多种因素,这次地震所带来的损失比发生同等强度地震的其它地区损失更为严重。中央政府救灾态度默然,救灾重任让渡于民间,各地方团体及地方绅士相继肩负起救灾重任,积极组织赈灾,使灾后损失降到最低。但一个健康的社会,赈灾需要政府的公共救济与民间的自我救助相结合,不论政府还是公民都应承担起使社会正常有序运行的责任。

关 键 词:民国时期  甘肃  海原大地震  赈灾

The Study of Earthquake Disasters and Earthquake Relief in Gansu during the Republic of China——Based on the Haiyuan Earthquake in 1920
SHANG Ji-fang , ZHANG li-kun.The Study of Earthquake Disasters and Earthquake Relief in Gansu during the Republic of China——Based on the Haiyuan Earthquake in 1920[J].Nationalities Research In Qinghai,2012,23(1):144-148.
Authors:SHANG Ji-fang  ZHANG li-kun
Institution:SHANG Ji-fang ZHANG li-kun
Abstract:On December 16th,1920,a huge earthquake happened in Haiyuan,Gansu.This precipitate disaster badly destroyed the impoverished Gansu province.With so many reasons this earthquake had brought greater losses than the other places with the same earthquake intensity.However,the central government did not pay much attention to this disaster,so the nongovernmental people had to take the burdens about the earthquake relief and reduced the disaster losses to a minimum.But in a healthy society,earthquake relief needs the cooperation of the governmental and nongovernmental work.Government and citizens should take the responsibilities for the normal orderly operation of society.
Keywords:the Republic of China  Gansu  Haiyuan earthquake  earthquake relief
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