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1.
China's bare branches, the Chinese name for surplus men, have attracted much attention, yet few studies have focused on the increasing phenomenon of bare‐branch villages. In this literature review, the formation of bare‐branch villages, the impact of such villages on individual bare branches and their families, and potential threats to villages and families are analyzed. It was found that the sex ratio and female marriage migration to prosperous areas are the two main determinants of the formation of bare‐branch villages. Individual bare branches in such villages are affected both physically and psychologically and are isolated in social activities. Their families and villages suffer in many ways. Bare branches may accelerate the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and increase the incidence of criminal behavior and violence. Even worse, because bare branches in a village share many bonds, they may take collective actions that can endanger China's social stability.  相似文献   
2.
Two contested arguments persist in explaining the causes of feminization and labor vulnerability. Some scholars argue that global industries are dominated by female workers as a result of the search for cheap labor. On the other hand, some scholars claim that the primary cause of feminization and labor vulnerability is the gendered discourses of work. Drawing views from readymade garment (RMG) industries of Bangladesh, this paper argues that both economic choices of cheap labor and gendered discourses of work collaboratively contribute to feminizing the labor force. This feminization of the workforce enables the violation of labor rights and benefits capitalists.  相似文献   
3.
基于省际面板数据,利用固定效应变系数模型,实证分析了房地产投资对经济增长影响的地区差异。研究发现,房地产投资与经济增长之间存在长期的均衡关系,并且房地产投资对经济增长起到正向的促进作用;房地产投资对经济增长的影响存在显著的地区差异,东、中部地区经济增长对房地产投资依赖程度明显高于西部地区,而西部地区经济增长拉动能力则主要依赖于非房地产投资。  相似文献   
4.
根据2003—2011年9年间我国31个省份互联网普及率和人均实际GDP的数据,在单位根检验和协整检验基础上,建立了个体时点双向固定效应模型,对互联网扩散与经济增长的关系进行了实证分析。研究结果表明:互联网对我国经济增长具有促进作用,这种促进作用在2007年以后逐渐显著;互联网普及率每提高10%,人均实际GDP提高大约1.38%;由于各地工业化水平等发展基础的差异,互联网对地区经济增长的影响程度呈现出明显的区域差异;通过建立滞后效应模型发现,互联网对经济增长的滞后作用在第5年达到最大。  相似文献   
5.
  总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
全产业链是我国农业产销体系创新变革的重要模式。全产业链模式是解决“半截子”产业化现象,破解农产品流通困局,保障农产品质量安全的必然要求。农地保障功能的弱化,农民就业、转业空间的扩大等条件也为全产业链模式实施提供了现实基础。应加快培育新型职业农民队伍,壮大农业合作组织和农业龙头企业,构建充分保障农民利益的利益联结机制,进一步促进全产业链农业产销体系发展。  相似文献   
6.
    
在国际金融危机的大背景下,加强对金融企业的危机管理和处置事关整个金融体系的健康平稳运转。目前我国现行的金融企业危机处置法律制度在配套机制建设方面存在一些不足,配套机制中比较重要的,当属风险预警机制、风险补偿机制、对中小金融企业的保护机制等。围绕这一问题进行了深入分析,并结合国外成熟金融企业危机处置的立法实践,对我国相关问题提出针对性的建议。  相似文献   
7.
    
心理契约违背是组织管理中的热点问题,它会对组织绩效和个人绩效产生显著负向作用。文章以长三角地区部分服务类企业的234名员工为样本,应用社会网络和多元回归统计分析方法,研究社会网络嵌入对员工心理契约违背的影响。实证结果表明,网络强度与位势对心理契约违背有显著负向作用,而网络规模与网络距对心理契约违背没有显著作用。  相似文献   
8.
Abstract

A growing trend in college and university health care is the requirement that students demonstrate proof of health insurance prior to enrollment. An increasing number of schools are contracting with insurance companies to provide students with school-based options for health insurance. Although this is advantageous to students in some ways, tying health insurance coverage to school enrollment can leave students vulnerable when they are most in need of help. Students whose health insurance is contingent upon their enrollment face significant lapses in coverage when they are required to leave school. This is especially challenging for students with mental illnesses whose treatment needs often go unmet in the absence of that coverage. The limitations in this system must be addressed as an increasing number of universities and students opt for university-based health insurance plans.  相似文献   
9.
ABSTRACT

Objective: The present study extends research on campus smoking bans by examining where smokers are violating the policy at a large university in the southeastern region of the United States. Participants: The data collection was conducted by one graduate student from the university in August of 2014. Methods: A global positioning system device was used to collect the geo-coordinates of littered cigarette butts as a proxy measure for smoking violations. Results: A hot spot analysis found a number of spatial concentrations on campus, largely around classroom and administrative buildings along with parking lots and garages. Conclusions: The implications of such findings can direct enforcement to target these areas in order to reduce offenses and fulfill the initial goals of policy-makers and university administrators who support smoke-free campuses.  相似文献   
10.
Most disciplines and subdisciplines consider their particular specialization to be valuable in itself and superior to other disciplines. But compared with the huge leaps in the physical sciences, the social/behavioral sciences and humanities have made little progress. Since many of the physical science advances were the result of the merging of disciplines, perhaps interdisciplinarity should be tried. One path to connecting disciplines, subdisciplines, and micro‐macro levels is suggested by Spinoza's idea of part/whole methodology, exactly balancing concrete instances with abstract theses. Ideas by B. Pascal, A. Koestler, A. N. Whitehead, and E. O. Wilson may also be helpful. Any discipline, subdiscipline, or level can serve as a valuable stepping‐off place, but to advance further, integration with at least one other viewpoint may be necessary. Two brilliant examples are The Civilizing Process, by the sociologist Norbert Elias, and Freudian Repression, by the psychologist Michael Billig. Koestler's idea of “bi‐sociation” may prove to be particularly rewarding. The way that Virginia Woolf's depiction of role‐taking in interior monologue preceded the idea in social science is an extraordinary example. The need for integration may be the single most important issue facing social science, the humanities, and their subdisciplines. Given the scope of the social/behavioral problems faced by humanity, the sooner the better.  相似文献   
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